Obstruere (lat.): prevent; apnea (Greek): Not breathing, i.e., breathing in/breathing breaks Suspend
Obstructive sleep apnea is a serious sleep related breathing disorder in which there is repeated during sleep – up to over 100 Times – a collapse of the throat. As a result, the upper respiratory to be blocked routes partially or completely and it comes to an oxygen supply to vital organs. As the muscles relax during sleep, compared to wakefulness easier to a closure of the respiratory tract. About 2 to 4% of adults suffer from obstructive sleep apnea. Thus, the obstructive sleep apnea is one of the most common diseases, such as Asthma, heart disease and Diabetes. In the middle to older age, the incidence is in men between 15 and 19%, in women between 9 and 15%. Another risk factor is Obesity.
“Daytime sleepiness and snoring, the Symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea”
When an obstructive sleep apnea, it comes in the night again and again to breathing pauses that can last between 10 seconds and, in extreme cases, well over a Minute and not be noticed by the victims themselves often. The breath will be accompanied breaks often loud and irregular snoring. A life-saving waking reaction of the body (Arousal), which prevents the Affected person suffocated in his sleep, activates the whole body: the heart beats faster, blood pressure rises enormously, the muscles tense. The sleeper moves often also arms and legs. The pauses in breathing due to some deep and long breaths, where the Affected person wakes up in the rule or remembers, but it comes in a lighter stage of Sleep. Pauses in breathing and Weckreaktionen of the body to prevent a restful sleep.The pauses in breathing at night will not be perceived by the Affected in the night, necessarily, but it gets its effects to be felt on the day.Common symptoms are:
Obstructive sleep apnea can also occur in combination with a Central sleep apnea.
Cause of obstructive sleep apnea is a functional instability of the upper respiratory tract. The closure of the upper respiratory tract is a complex process that is dependent on many factors such as age, weight and gender, lifestyle, anatomical features in the throat, genetic causes, and even ethnic origin, but also by changes in the sleep-Wake cycle and in the respiratory system.A key factor we found in the pharyngeal muscles: This keeps the upper airway open. In the bedroom, there is a decrease of muscle tension in relation to the sleep depth and the System tends to collapse.
“Obstructive sleep apnea is a major cardiovascular risk factor”
In addition to the subjective of the Affected perceived symptoms such as daytime sleepiness and the associated risks (e.g. road traffic) and loss of power carries with it the obstructive sleep apnea is significant and sometimes even life-threatening risks, which cannot be perceived by the Affected directly:
For the diagnosis of classic symptoms, especially the history and the external history, that is, mainly by the Partner. According to the diagnostic criteria according to the American Academy od Sleep Medicine (AASM) is a OAS, if at least one of the following points is fulfilled:
The doctor comes to medical history and clinical examination to the conclusion that OSA could be the cause of the existing symptoms, he will undergo an ambulatory polygraphic or polysomnographic examination.
“Current studies show that treatment of the sleep apnea, the life can be maintenance to significantly improve”
Depending on the cause, the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea treatment methods available, the result in some cases in combination to success. Regardless of the treatment method, you should check the therapy is a result of regularly check-UPS.
Ventilation therapiedie CPAP (nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, “respiration mask”) is the most important and most common form of therapy for obstructive sleep apnea. Further information can be found on our information page for the ventilation therapy of sleep-related breathing disorders.Lifestyle certain behaviors or habits promote or intensify obstructive sleep apnea. Vice versa, by a Change of specific behaviors or habits, the symptoms improve or even eliminate:
Mechanical Maßnahmenwie the mandibular protrusion splint: This is achieved by shifting of the lower jaw by a few millimeters in the bedroom to the front, that the airway is kept open. The back of the tongue located, breathing space is increased thereby, the pharyngeal muscles relax and it is prevented that the base of the tongue falls back. The adjustment of the Rail is individually orthopedic surgeon by a dentist antisnorestrap.com or jaw.Surgical intervention failure of classical therapy methods or these are not tolerated, should be considered operative procedure. Whether these are useful depends on the Severity of the sleep apnea and the individual anatomical conditions of the upper respiratory tract of the patient.